Cost-effectiveness analysis of salt reduction policies to reduce coronary heart disease in Syria, 2010-2020

Int J Public Health. 2015 Jan;60 Suppl 1:S23-30. doi: 10.1007/s00038-014-0577-3. Epub 2014 Jun 28.


Objectives: This study presents a cost-effectiveness analysis of salt reduction policies to lower coronary heart disease in Syria.

Methods: Costs and benefits of a health promotion campaign about salt reduction (HP); labeling of salt content on packaged foods (L); reformulation of salt content within packaged foods (R); and combinations of the three were estimated over a 10-year time frame. Policies were deemed cost-effective if their cost-effectiveness ratios were below the region's established threshold of $38,997 purchasing power parity (PPP). Sensitivity analysis was conducted to account for the uncertainty in the reduction of salt intake.

Results: HP, L, and R+HP+L were cost-saving using the best estimates. The remaining policies were cost-effective (CERs: R=$5,453 PPP/LYG; R+HP=$2,201 PPP/LYG; R+L=$2,125 PPP/LYG). R+HP+L provided the largest benefit with net savings using the best and maximum estimates, while R+L was cost-effective with the lowest marginal cost using the minimum estimates.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated that all policies were cost-saving or cost effective, with the combination of reformulation plus labeling and a comprehensive policy involving all three approaches being the most promising salt reduction strategies to reduce CHD mortality in Syria.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Disease / prevention & control*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Food Labeling
  • Health Promotion / economics*
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Policy
  • Quality-Adjusted Life Years
  • Sodium, Dietary / administration & dosage*
  • Syria


  • Sodium, Dietary