A handy review of carpal tunnel syndrome: From anatomy to diagnosis and treatment

World J Radiol. 2014 Jun 28;6(6):284-300. doi: 10.4329/wjr.v6.i6.284.


Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most commonly diagnosed disabling condition of the upper extremities. It is the most commonly known and prevalent type of peripheral entrapment neuropathy that accounts for about 90% of all entrapment neuropathies. This review aims to provide an outline of CTS by considering anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical manifestation, diagnostic modalities and management of this common condition, with an emphasis on the diagnostic imaging evaluation.

Keywords: Anatomy; Carpal tunnel syndrome; Computed tomography; Diagnosis; Magnetic resonance imaging; Nerve conduction study; Treatment; Ultrasonography.

Publication types

  • Review