Quality of Life and Emotional State in Chronic Skin Disease

Acta Derm Venereol. 2015 Mar;95(3):312-6. doi: 10.2340/00015555-1920.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between chronic inflammatory skin conditions and patients' emotional state and quality of life. The following self-rated questionnaires were used: Emotional State Questionnaire, a self-report scale assessing depression and anxiety symptoms; Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI); and RAND-36, a measure of health-related quality of life. The study group comprised 40 patients with psoriasis, 40 with eczema, 40 with acne, 15 with seborrhoeic dermatitis and 40 healthy controls. Patients with chronic skin diseases had lower DLQI and lower RAND-36 physical functioning scores, more perceived physical limitations and pain, and lower emotional well-being and general health ratings compared with the control group. In conclusion, chronic skin diseases are associated with symptoms of emotional distress, in particular insomnia and general anxiety.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acne Vulgaris / complications
  • Acne Vulgaris / diagnosis
  • Acne Vulgaris / physiopathology
  • Acne Vulgaris / psychology*
  • Anxiety / diagnosis
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Chronic Disease
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dermatitis, Seborrheic / complications
  • Dermatitis, Seborrheic / diagnosis
  • Dermatitis, Seborrheic / physiopathology
  • Dermatitis, Seborrheic / psychology*
  • Eczema / complications
  • Eczema / diagnosis
  • Eczema / physiopathology
  • Eczema / psychology*
  • Emotions*
  • Estonia
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Mental Health*
  • Psoriasis / complications
  • Psoriasis / diagnosis
  • Psoriasis / physiopathology
  • Psoriasis / psychology*
  • Quality of Life*
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / diagnosis
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / psychology
  • Stress, Psychological / diagnosis
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires