The association of leptin with dyslipidemia, arterial hypertension and obesity in Kyrgyz (Central Asian nation) population

BMC Res Notes. 2014 Jun 30:7:411. doi: 10.1186/1756-0500-7-411.

Abstract

Background: Leptin, an adipocytokine produced by adipose tissue, along with the traditional cardiometabolic risk factors, contributes to the development of cardiovascular complications. At the same time, ethnic features of adipocytokines have been insufficiently investigated, especially among Asians, who have an increased risk of cardiovascular complications compared with Europeans. Aim of study was to investigate the relationship between leptin levels and age, gender, anthropometric parameters, lipid parameters, arterial hypertension (AH), and obesity in the adult population of ethnic Kyrgyz people living in Central Asia.

Results: In total, 322 ethnic Kyrgyz (145 men, 177 women) aged ≥ 30 years were studied. Waist and hip circumference, body mass index, blood glucose, lipids, leptin, and homeostatic model assessment were measured. Patients in the upper quartile of leptin levels had high values of BMI, WC, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, glucose, and HOMA index compared with patients with lower leptin levels. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome and AH increased with higher levels of leptin. Leptin positively correlated with BMI, WC, triglycerides, and glucose concentrations in patients of both sexes. According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, elevated leptin levels increased by 30 times the risk of obesity in men, regardless of the presence of type 2 diabetes, and 17.7 times in women.

Conclusion: Leptin is associated with general and abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance in Kyrgyz patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Adipose Tissue / physiopathology
  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Blood Pressure
  • Body Composition
  • Body Mass Index
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / physiopathology
  • Dyslipidemias / blood*
  • Dyslipidemias / complications
  • Dyslipidemias / epidemiology
  • Dyslipidemias / physiopathology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / blood*
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Insulin / blood
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Kyrgyzstan / epidemiology
  • Leptin / blood*
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Obesity / blood*
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / epidemiology
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Risk Factors
  • Triglycerides / blood
  • Waist Circumference

Substances

  • Blood Glucose
  • Insulin
  • Leptin
  • Triglycerides