INCLEN diagnostic tool for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (INDT-ADHD): development and validation

Indian Pediatr. 2014 Jun;51(6):457-62. doi: 10.1007/s13312-014-0436-6.


Objective: To develop and validate INCLEN Diagnostic Tool for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (INDT-ADHD).

Design: Diagnostic test evaluation by cross sectional design.

Setting: Tertiary care pediatric centers.

Participants: 156 children aged 65-117 months.

Methods: After randomization, INDT-ADHD and Connors 3 Parent Rating Scale (C3PS) were administered, followed by an expert evaluation by DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria.

Main outcome measures: Psychometric evaluation of diagnostic accuracy, validity (construct, criterion and convergent) and internal consistency.

Results: INDT-ADHD had 18 items that quantified symptoms and impairment. Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder was identified in 57, 87 and 116 children by expert evaluation, INDT-ADHD and C3PS, respectively. Psychometric parameters of INDT-ADHD for differentiating attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and normal children were: sensitivity 87.7%, specificity 97.2%, positive predictive value 98.0% and negative predictive value 83.3%, whereas for differentiating from other neuro-developmental disorders were 87.7%, 42.9%, 58.1% and 79.4%, respectively. Internal consistency was 0.91. INDT-ADHD has a 4-factor structure explaining 60.4% of the variance. Convergent validity with Conner's Parents Rating Scale was moderate (r =0.73, P= 0.001).

Conclusions: INDT-ADHD is suitable for diagnosing attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Indian children between the ages of 6 to 9 years.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / diagnosis*
  • Child
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychometrics / methods*
  • Sensitivity and Specificity