Endovascular management of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae

Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2014 Jul;25(3):539-49. doi: 10.1016/j.nec.2014.04.010. Epub 2014 Jun 2.


Endovascular embolization is the primary therapeutic modality for intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae. Based on access route, endovascular treatment can be schematically divided into transarterial, transvenous, combined, and direct/percutaneous approaches. Choice of access route and technique depends primarily on dural arteriovenous fistulae angioarchitecture, pattern of venous drainage, clinical presentation, and location. Individualized endovascular approaches result in a high degree of cure with a reasonably low complication rate.

Keywords: Indirect carotido-cavernous fistulae; Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF); Transarterial embolization; Transvenous embolization; Transverse-sigmoid sinus DAVF.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Fistula / surgery
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / therapy*
  • Central Nervous System Vascular Malformations / therapy
  • Embolization, Therapeutic*
  • Endovascular Procedures*
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / surgery
  • Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations / therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome