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, 91 (3), 61-71

Quantification of Intracellular and Extracellular Eicosapentaenoic Acid-Derived 3-series Prostanoids by Liquid Chromatography/Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry

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Quantification of Intracellular and Extracellular Eicosapentaenoic Acid-Derived 3-series Prostanoids by Liquid Chromatography/Electrospray Ionization Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Nobuaki Tanaka et al. Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids.

Abstract

3-Series prostanoids are bioactive lipid mediators synthesized from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Determination of intracellular and extracellular levels of prostanoids is needed to elucidate the mechanism of action, and we therefore developed a method for quantification of intracellular and extracellular levels of 3-series prostanoids (including prostaglandin E3 (PGE3), PGD3, PGF3α, thromboxane B3 (TXB3), and Δ(17)-6-keto PGF1α) by using liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. The separation of prostanoids was performed with a CAPCELL PAK C18 MG II column (2.0mm×150mm, 3µm) with an isocratic flow of acetonitrile/water/acetic acid (40:60:0.1, v/v/v). This method was validated for measurement of both extracellular and intracellular samples with high levels of precision and accuracy. We applied this method to human lung epithelial A549 cells stimulated with calcium ionophore A23187 under the condition of arachidonic acid or EPA treatment and we could measure PGE3 in both intracellular and extracellular samples.

Keywords: 3-Series prostanoids; Eicosapentaenoic acid; Extracellular measurement; Intracellular measurement; LC/MS/MS.

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