Monitoring of selenium in macrophytes - the case of Slovenia

Chemosphere. 2014 Sep;111:464-70. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2014.03.133. Epub 2014 May 20.


This paper examines macrophytes from various locations in Slovenian streams for selenium (Se) content in an attempt to discover if Se contamination is present and if Se uptake varies between sampling sites. For this purpose, macrophytes and water from ten locations in the Notranjska and Central regions (Slovenia) with different land use in the catchment were sampled. To assess the environmental conditions of the streams the Riparian, Channel, and Environment (RCE) inventory was applied, which revealed that investigated stretches of streams fall into RCE classes III, IV and V. The concentration of Se in water at all locations was less than 1μgSeL(-1). The Se content in macrophytes differed between sampling sites, with the highest content of Se in samples from Žerovniščica stream and the lowest in samples from Lipsenjščica stream. The content of Se was the highest in moss samples (3038ngSeg(-1) DM) and in the amphibious species Veronica anagallis-aquatica (1507ngSeg(-1) DM).

Keywords: Agricultural area; Macrophytes; Selenium; Uptake.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Bryophyta / metabolism
  • Environmental Monitoring*
  • Rivers / chemistry*
  • Seasons
  • Selenium / analysis*
  • Selenium / metabolism
  • Slovenia
  • Veronica / metabolism
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / metabolism


  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • Selenium