Background: In small-bowel capsule endoscopy (SBCE), differentiating masses (ie, lesions of higher probability for neoplasia) requiring more aggressive intervention from bulges (essentially, false-positive findings) is a challenging task; recently, software that enables 3-dimensional (3D) reconstruction has become available.
Objective: To evaluate whether "coupling" 3D reconstructed video clips with the standard 2-dimensional (s2D) counterparts helps in distinguishing masses from bulges.
Design: Three expert and 3 novice SBCE readers, blind to others and in a random order, reviewed the s2D video clips and subsequently the s2D clips coupled with their 3D reconstruction (2D+3D).
Setting: Multicenter study in 3 community hospitals in Italy and a university hospital in Scotland.
Patients: Thirty-two deidentified 5-minute video clips, containing mucosal bulging (19) or masses (13).
Intervention: 3D reconstruction of s2D SBCE video clips.
Main outcome measure: Differentiation of masses from bulges with s2D and 2D+3D video clips, estimated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC); interobserver agreement.
Results: AUC for experts and novices for s2D video clips was .74 and .5, respectively (P = .0053). AUC for experts and novices with 2D+3D was .70 (compared with s2D: P = .245) and .57 (compared s2D: P = .049), respectively. AUC for experts and novices with 2D+3D was similar (P = .1846). The interobserver agreement was good for both experts and novices with the s2D (k = .71 and .54, respectively) and the 2D+3D video clips (k = .58 in both groups).
Limitations: Few, short video clips; fixed angle of 3D reconstruction.
Conclusions: The adjunction of a 3D reconstruction to the s2D video reading platform does not improve the performance of expert SBCE readers, although it significantly increases the performance of novices in distinguishing masses from bulging.
Copyright © 2014 American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.