International survey of occupational health nurses' roles in multidisciplinary teamwork in occupational health services

Workplace Health Saf. 2014 Jul;62(7):274-81. doi: 10.1177/216507991406200702.

Abstract

Access to occupational health services for primary prevention and control of work-related injuries and illnesses by the global workforce is limited (World Health Organization [WHO], 2013). From the WHO survey of 121 (61%) participating countries, only one-third of the responding countries provided occupational health services to more than 30% of their workers (2013). How services are provided in these countries is dependent on legal requirements and regulations, population, workforce characteristics, and culture, as well as an understanding of the impact of workplace hazards and worker health needs. Around the world, many occupational health services are provided by occupational health nurses independently or in collaboration with other disciplines' professionals. These services may be health protection, health promotion, or both, and are designed to reduce health risks, support productivity, improve workers' quality of life, and be cost-effective. Rantanen (2004) stated that basic occupational health services must increase rather than decline, especially as work becomes more complex; workforces become more dynamic and mobile, creating new models of work-places; and jobs become more precarious and temporary. To better understand occupational health services provided by occupational health nurses globally and how decisions are made to provide these services, this study examined the scope of services provided by a sample of participating occupational health nurses from various countries.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Internationality*
  • Male
  • Nurse's Role*
  • Occupational Health Nursing / organization & administration*
  • Occupational Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Patient Care Team / organization & administration*