[Evaluation by two-dimensional and doppler echocardiography of the results of percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty]

Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss. 1989 Feb;82(2):185-91.
[Article in French]


The purpose of this study was to determine the value of two-dimensional echocardiography and doppler ultrasound in the evaluation of the results and mechanism of percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty. The study involved 200 patients (77 p. 100 female) of mean age 43 +/- 15 years (range 13 to 79 years), most of whom were in NYHA class III or IV. The patients were divided into three groups according to the severity of the anatomical lesions. Group I patients (n = 58) had flexible valves and only minor alterations of the subvalvular structures; group II patients (n = 75) had flexible valves but deeply altered subvalvular structures; group III patients (n = 67) had calcified valves. Following valvuloplasty, the mean transmitral doppler gradient fell from 16 to 5 mmHg (p less than 0.0001) and the mitral valve area, as measured by two-dimensional echocardiography, increased from 1 to 1.9 cm2 (p less than 0.00001); the corresponding values at doppler measurement were 1 and 2 cm2 respectively. In patients successfully dilated, two-dimensional echocardiography showed that the mechanism involved was complete opening of one or both commissures. Before dilatation, 68 patients (34 p. 100) had an usually small degree of mitral regurgitation. After dilatation, grade 3/4 mitral regurgitation was observed in 9 patients (4.5 p. 100). The quality of the results obtained depended on the anatomical lesions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • English Abstract

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Echocardiography*
  • Echocardiography, Doppler*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / pathology
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / physiopathology
  • Mitral Valve Stenosis / surgery*