We have previously shown that HIV-1 superinfected Zambian seroconverters mount low binding and neutralizing antibody responses to their primary HIV-1 infecting virus, which could increase susceptibility to re-infection. Here, we investigated if antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC), a process by which virus-infected cells are killed, was also reduced. Superinfected individuals exhibited low ADCC activity compared to non-superinfected individuals, but similar levels of CMV-reactive binding antibodies, suggesting superinfected individuals are capable of generating and maintaining virus-specific antibodies.
Keywords: ADCC; HIV dual infection; HIV-1 ADCC; HIV-1 superinfection.
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