Objectives: In this study we aimed to evaluate the audiologic results and audiologic success rates following otosclerosis surgery and to discuss surgical complications and their management.
Patients and methods: We retrospectively analyzed 115 ears of 100 patients who were diagnosed with clinical otosclerosis and operated at Kocaeli University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otolaryngology between May 2002 and April 2013. Postoperative air-bone gap was used in the evaluation of the success of the hearing results. The postoperative air-bone gap less than 20 dB was accepted as a success criterion. Intraoperative and postoperative complications were recorded.
Results: Functional success was achieved in 105 of 115 operated ears (91.3%). Functional success rates according to types of piston for 0.6 mm wire Teflon piston (n=71), fluoroplastic Teflon piston (n=30), K piston (n=12) and Easy piston (n=2) groups were, 88.7%, 93.3%, 100%, and 100% respectively. Six patients (5.2%) underwent revision surgery.
Conclusion: Our study results suggest that stapes surgery is a successful and safe treatment modality with high success and low complication rates in the management of otosclerosis.