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Clinical Trial
. 2014 Sep;46(10):685-90.
doi: 10.1055/s-0034-1382078. Epub 2014 Jul 10.

Relationship Between Serum Levels of Angiopoietin-Related Growth Factor and Metabolic Risk Factors

Clinical Trial

Relationship Between Serum Levels of Angiopoietin-Related Growth Factor and Metabolic Risk Factors

T Ebert et al. Horm Metab Res. .


Angiopoietin-related growth factor (AGF, also known as angiopoietin-like protein 6) has been introduced as a novel hepatocyte-derived factor, which antagonizes obesity and insulin resistance in mice. However, human studies show conflicting results and are limited to a small cohort of patients. In the current study, we therefore sought to investigate AGF serum levels in a large metabolically well-characterized cohort. AGF serum concentrations were determined by commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 697 patients of a cohort from Eastern Germany (Sorbs). Correlations of AGF serum levels with clinical and biochemical measures of glucose and lipid metabolism, as well as markers of renal function, were investigated. In nondiabetic subjects (n=627), AGF was positively correlated with markers of insulin resistance and negatively correlated with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in univariate analyses (p<0.05). After adjustment for age, gender, and body mass index, none of these factors remained independently associated with AGF, neither in nondiabetic subjects nor in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (n=70). However, we confirmed existing data of significantly higher AGF concentrations in patients with T2DM as compared to controls in this large cohort. Circulating AGF is elevated in subjects with T2DM and related to the type of antidiabetic treatment, but is not independently associated with anthropometric parameters, indices of insulin sensitivity and secretion, or a number of other adipokines.

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