Pancreatic polypeptide inhibits somatostatin secretion

FEBS Lett. 2014 Aug 25;588(17):3233-9. doi: 10.1016/j.febslet.2014.07.005. Epub 2014 Jul 11.


Pancreatic polypeptide (PP) is a major agonist for neuropeptide Y4 receptors (NPY4R). While NPY4R has been identified in various tissues, the cells on which it is expressed and its function in those cells has not been clearly delineated. Here we report that NPY4R is present in all somatostatin-containing cells of tissues that we tested, including pancreatic islets, duodenum, hippocampus, and hypothalamus. Its agonism by PP decreases somatostatin secretion from human islets. Mouse embryonic hippocampal (mHippo E18) cells expressed NPY4Rs and their activation by PP consistently decreased somatostatin secretion. Furthermore, central injection of PP in mice induced c-Fos immunoreactivity in somatostatin-containing cells in the hippocampus compared with PBS-injected mice. In sum, our results identify PP as a pivotal modulator of somatostatin secretion.

Keywords: NPY4 receptor; Pancreatic polypeptide; Somatostatin secretion.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Hippocampus / cytology
  • Humans
  • Islets of Langerhans / drug effects
  • Islets of Langerhans / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Organ Specificity
  • Pancreatic Polypeptide / pharmacology*
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide Y / agonists
  • Receptors, Neuropeptide Y / metabolism
  • Somatostatin / metabolism*


  • Receptors, Neuropeptide Y
  • Somatostatin
  • neuropeptide Y4 receptor
  • Pancreatic Polypeptide