Employment status and intimate partner violence among Mexican women

J Interpers Violence. 2015 Apr;30(7):1128-52. doi: 10.1177/0886260514539848. Epub 2014 Jul 16.


Exploring risk factors and profiles of intimate partner violence in other countries provides information about whether existing theories of this phenomenon hold consistent in different cultural settings. This study will present results of a regression analysis involving domestic violence among Mexican women (n = 83,159). Significant predictors of domestic violence among Mexican women included age, number of children in the household, income, education, self-esteem, family history of abuse, and controlling behavior of the husband. Women's employment status was not a significant predictor when all variables were included in the model; however, when controlling behavior of the husband was withdrawn from the model, women's employment status was a significant predictor of domestic violence toward women. Results from this research indicate that spousal controlling behavior may serve as a mediator of the predictive relationship between women's employment status and domestic violence among Mexican women. Findings provide support for continued exploration of the factors that mediate experiences of domestic violence among women worldwide.

Keywords: cultural contexts; domestic violence; domestic violence and cultural contexts; predicting domestic violence.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Battered Women / psychology*
  • Battered Women / statistics & numerical data
  • Coercion
  • Employment / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Mexico / ethnology
  • Spouse Abuse / economics*
  • Spouse Abuse / psychology*