Two siblings with early infantile myoclonic encephalopathy due to mutation in the gene encoding mitochondrial glutamate/H+ symporter SLC25A22

Eur J Paediatr Neurol. 2014 Nov;18(6):801-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2014.06.007. Epub 2014 Jul 5.


Aim: To characterize a new subset of early myoclonic encephalopathy usually associated with metabolic etiologies with a new genetic entity.

Methods: We describe two siblings with early myoclonic encephalopathy born to consanguineous parents of Arab Muslim origin from Israel. We used homozygosity mapping and candidate gene sequencing to reveal the genetic basis of the myoclonic syndrome.

Results: We found a rare missense mutation in the gene encoding one of the two mitochondrial glutamate/H symporters, SLC25A22. The phenotype of early myoclonic encephalopathy was first linked to the same mutation in 2005 in patients of the same ethnicity as our family.

Conclusions: Owing to the devastating nature of this encephalopathy, we focus attention on its clinical history, epileptic semiology, distinct electroencephalography features, and genetic basis. We provide the evidence that an integrated diagnostic strategy combining homozygosity mapping with candidate gene sequencing is efficient in consanguineous families with highly heterogeneous autosomal recessive diseases.

Keywords: Myoclonic encephalopathy; SLC25A22 mutation.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins / genetics*
  • Mutation / genetics*
  • Siblings
  • Spasms, Infantile / diagnosis
  • Spasms, Infantile / genetics*


  • Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins
  • SLC25A22 protein, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Epileptic Encephalopathy, Early Infantile, 3