Comparison of the effects of N-acetyl-cysteine and ginseng in prevention of noise induced hearing loss in male textile workers

Noise Health. Jul-Aug 2014;16(71):223-7. doi: 10.4103/1463-1741.137057.

Abstract

Previous studies revealed the role of antioxidant agents in prevention of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL). The aim of this study was to compare the protective effect of N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC) and ginseng on protection of NIHL in textile workers exposed to continuous noise in daily working. In this study, 48 participants were randomly allocated to three groups; Group I received NAC 1200 mg/day, Group II received ginseng 200 mg/day, and Group III (control group) received no supplement. Pure tone audiometry and high frequency audiometry were performed preshift before and after 14 days (on day 15). Linear regression analysis results showed reduced noise-induced temporary threshold shift (TTS) for NAC and ginseng groups at 4, 6 and 16 kHz (P < 0.001) in both ears. Furthermore, the protective effects were more prominent in NAC than ginseng. Our results show that NAC and ginseng can reduce noise induced TTS in workers exposed to occupational noise. Further studies are needed to prove antioxidants benefits in hearing conservation programs.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcysteine / therapeutic use*
  • Adult
  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use*
  • Audiometry, Pure-Tone
  • Auditory Threshold
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Linear Models
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Noise, Occupational*
  • Occupational Diseases / prevention & control*
  • Panax*
  • Plant Preparations / therapeutic use*
  • Textile Industry*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Plant Preparations
  • Acetylcysteine