High-throughput screening of FDA-approved drugs using oxygen biosensor plates reveals secondary mitofunctional effects

Mitochondrion. 2014 Jul;17:116-25. doi: 10.1016/j.mito.2014.07.002. Epub 2014 Jul 14.

Abstract

Repurposing of FDA-approved drugs with effects on mitochondrial function might shorten the critical path to mitochondrial disease drug development. We improved a biosensor-based assay of mitochondrial O2 consumption, and identified mitofunctional defects in cell models of LHON and FXTAS. Using this platform, we screened a 1600-compound library of clinically used drugs. The assay identified drugs known to affect mitochondrial function, such as metformin and decoquinate. We also identified several drugs not previously known to affect mitochondrial respiration including acarbose, metaraminol, gallamine triethiodide, and acamprosate. These previously unknown 'mitoactives' represent novel links to targets for mitochondrial regulation and potentially therapy, for mitochondrial disease.

Keywords: Bioenergetics; High-throughput screening; Mitochondrial disease; Oxygen.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biosensing Techniques*
  • Cell Respiration / drug effects*
  • Drug Discovery / methods*
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays / methods
  • Humans
  • Mitochondria / drug effects*
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Oxygen / analysis*

Substances

  • Oxygen