Groin Pain and Soccer Players: Male Versus Female Occurrence

J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 2014 Aug;54(4):487-93.


Aim: Groin pain is common in soccer players. Comparison of results from different studies, especially between genders, is difficult as studies use different definitions and data collection procedures. Therefore we conducted a study of both male and female soccer players enabling direct gender comparison.

Methods: The study enrolled 479 male soccer players aged 25 years (17-43) (mean with range) and 144 female soccer players aged 23 years (16-47), who answered a mailed questionnaire that included specific questions on groin pain and sports history. Data are presented as proportions (%) or as mean with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).

Results: Groin pain was experienced by 55% of male soccer players and 28% of female soccer players, resulting in an odds ratio (OR) of 2.9 (95% CI 1.9, 4.5). Groin pain occurred more often in the preseason, than during the rest of the season in both male and female players (both P<0.001). Playing position in the team or playing league did not seem to influence the risk of suffering groin pain.

Conclusion: In soccer players, male gender and preseasonal training appear to be risk factors for developing groin pain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Female
  • Groin*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain / epidemiology*
  • Pain / etiology
  • Physical Education and Training
  • Prevalence
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Seasons
  • Sex Distribution
  • Soccer
  • Sweden / epidemiology
  • Young Adult