Pueraria mirifica leaves, an alternative potential isoflavonoid source

Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2014;78(6):917-26. doi: 10.1080/09168451.2014.910091. Epub 2014 May 15.


We investigated the major leaf isoflavonoid contents of Pueraria mirifica from three different cultivars (PM-III, PM-IV, and PM-V) using reverse RP-HPLC analysis. The proportions and net levels of puerarin, daidzin, genistin, and daidzein in P. mirifica leaves were found to depend on the plant cultivar and to correlate with cultivation temperature and rainfall amount. The crude leaf-extracts were tested using the Yeast Estrogen Screen (YES) assay with both human estrogen receptors (hERα and hERβ). Their estrogenic activity was higher when determined by the YES system containing hERβ than that with hERα and was also higher when the Δsnq2 than the wildtype yeast was employed. The results open the possibility of selecting and cultivating certain P. mirifica cultivars at a farm scale to produce a sufficient supply of leaf material to act as a starting source for the commercial scale extraction of these major isoflavonoids.

Keywords: Pueraria mirifica; YES assay; estrogenic activity; isoflavonoid.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Chromatography, Reverse-Phase
  • Estrogen Receptor alpha / metabolism
  • Estrogen Receptor beta / metabolism
  • Flavonoids / chemistry
  • Flavonoids / isolation & purification*
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Plant Leaves / chemistry*
  • Pueraria / chemistry*
  • Pueraria / growth & development


  • Estrogen Receptor alpha
  • Estrogen Receptor beta
  • Flavonoids