Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies

Neurol Clin. 2014 Aug;32(3):671-88, viii. doi: 10.1016/j.ncl.2014.05.002.


The dystrophinopathies Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies (DMD and BMD) represent the most common inherited disorders of muscle. Improvements in cardiac care, attention to respiratory function, and judicious use of spinal correction surgery have led to increased survival in the DMD population. Meanwhile, advances in molecular therapeutics have led to promising therapies that are in or are entering clinical trials. An understanding of the dystrophinopathies, and recent advances in their molecular diagnosis and treatment, is of benefit to practicing neurologists.

Keywords: Becker muscular dystrophy; Duchenne muscular dystrophy; Dystrophin; Exon skipping.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dystrophin / genetics
  • Dystrophin / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / diagnosis*
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / genetics
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / metabolism
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne / therapy*


  • Dystrophin