Purpose: School-located vaccination programs may need to bill health insurance to be sustainable. This mixed methods study assessed parent attitudes about school-located vaccination and billing.
Methods: Seven public schools in Denver, Colorado, participated in a school-located adolescent vaccination program that billed students' insurance. From April through June 2010, a survey was administered to parents of 1,000 randomly selected sixth to eighth grade students in these schools. In March and April 2011, focus groups were conducted with a sample of parents of adolescents attending these schools to further explore and help explain patterns emergent in the survey data.
Results: Survey response rate was 66%. Among survey respondents, 56% strongly supported and 29% somewhat supported school-located vaccination. Forty-two percent reported concern about receiving a bill if their child participated in a school-located vaccination program that billed insurance, and 23% did not want to provide insurance information to the school. Four focus groups were conducted with English-speaking (n = 17) and Spanish-speaking (n = 14) parents. Focus group participants indicated strong support for school-located vaccination, emphasizing the convenience of the program for both parents and adolescents. These parents also appreciated the affordability of the program and reported feeling comfortable with in-school vaccination delivery. Very few participants indicated concerns about providing health insurance information to the school, but some expressed concern about potential record scatter.
Conclusions: Although some parents expressed concerns about billing health insurance for school-located vaccination, most parents indicated strong support for school-located vaccination.
Keywords: Adolescent; Billing; Mixed methods; Parent attitudes; School-located vaccination; Vaccine.
Copyright © 2014 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.