Background: Health utilities measure patients' preferences for a health state.
Aim: To assess health utilities for sofosbuvir-containing therapy for chronic hepatitis C.
Methods: The SF-6D utility scores were derived from the SF-36 instrument administered at baseline, during and post-treatment to participants of the previously reported clinical trials of sofosbuvir. EQ-5D utility scores were also approximated from the SF-36 using a regression model.
Results: Nine hundred and ninety-four patients were enrolled. Baseline SF-6D and EQ-5D scores were 0.66 ± 0.13 and 0.71 ± 0.22, respectively (the POSITRON trial), 0.71 ± 0.16 and 0.76 ± 0.23 (FISSION), 0.70 ± 0.14 and 0.75 ± 0.22 (FUSION), 0.72 ± 0.15 and 0.79 ± 0.22 (NEUTRINO). In all studies, SF-6D and EQ-5D scores were highly correlated with each other. (r = 0.83-0.87, P < 0.0001). After 12 weeks, patients receiving sofosbuvir + ribavirin (POSITRON) had similar utility scores to placebo (P > 0.05). Patients receiving 12 and 16 weeks of sofosbuvir + ribavirin (FUSION) had similar utility scores (P > 0.05). In FISSION, patients receiving sofosbuvir + ribavirin had significantly better utilities compared to patients receiving interferon + ribavirin (P < 0.001). Patients receiving sofosbuvir + ribavirin + interferon (NEUTRINO) had a decrease in utilities during treatment (SF-6D: from 0.72 to 0.62, EQ-5D: 0.79 to 0.65; P < 0.0001) similar to that observed in patients receiving pegylated interferon + ribavirin for 24 weeks in FISSION (0.72 to 0.62 and 0.77 to 0.65, respectively, P < 0.0001). After 12 weeks post-treatment, patients with SVR (FUSION) had improvement in SF-6D (+0.026 from baseline, P = 0.013) and EQ-5D (+0.043, P = 0.013). In multivariate analyses, baseline depression, anxiety, fatigue, insomnia and treatment-related anaemia were the most consistent predictors of utilities.
Conclusions: Patients' health utilities are minimally impacted by sofosbuvir + ribavirin treatment, as compared to interferon-based, therapy regardless of treatment duration. Clinical trials' numbers: NCT01542788 (POSITRON), NCT01497366 (FISSION), NCT01604850 (FUSION), NCT01641640 (NEUTRINO).
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.