Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an important cause of malignant arrhythmia and sudden death particularly in young people. Although it is considered a desmosomal disease, mutations in non-desmosomal genes have also been identified. We report on a family where a mutation in LDB3 is associated with this condition. The index case and first and second degree relatives underwent a complete clinical evaluation: physical examination, electrocardiography (ECG), signal-averaged ECG, 2D echocardiogram, cardiac magnetic resonance and 24-h monitoring. After ruling out mutations in the five desmosomal genes, genetic testing by means of Next Generation Sequencing was carried out on the proband. A heterozygous missense mutation in LDB3 c.1051A>G was identified. This result was confirmed by subsequent Sanger DNA sequencing. Another six carriers were identified amongst her relatives. Three subjects fulfilled the criteria for a definitive diagnosis of ARVC and one reached a borderline diagnosis. In conclusion, this is the first family with ARVC where a mutation in LDB3 is associated with ARVC. Next generation sequencing arises as a particular useful tool to point to new causative genes in ARVC.
Keywords: Cypher/ZASP; LDB3; arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy; next generation sequencing.
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.