Objective: Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training is currently being administered as stand-alone treatment across a variety of clinical settings, serving diverse client populations. However, there is little empirical support for this use.
Method: In this systematic review, we identified 17 trials employing a treatment that included DBT skills training in the absence of the other DBT modalities.
Results: While the literature reviewed provides preliminary evidence of the utility of DBT skills training to address a range of mental health and behavioral problems, methodological limitations of published studies preclude us from drawing strong conclusions about the efficacy of skills training as a stand-alone treatment.
Conclusion: We present an overview of the implementation of DBT skills training across clinical settings and populations. We found preliminary evidence supporting the use of DBT skills training as a method of addressing a range of behaviors. We provide recommendations for future research.
Keywords: DBT; dialectical behavior therapy; review; skills training.
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.