Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II or Hunter syndrome) is a rare X-linked disorder caused by deficient activity of the lysosomal enzyme, iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS). Phenotypic expression of MPS II in female patients rarely occurs and may be the result of (i) structural abnormalities of the X chromosome, (ii) homozygosity for disease-causing mutations, or (iii) skewed X-chromosome inactivation, in which the normal IDS allele is preferentially inactivated and the abnormal IDS allele is active. We report here on a female patient with clinical MPS II manifestations, deficiency of IDS enzyme activity and a de novo balanced reciprocal X;9 translocation. As our patient has a skewed XCI pattern, but neither genomic IDS mutations nor abnormal IDS transcripts were detected, we speculate about the possible role of the chromosomal rearrangement in reducing the IDS translation efficiency.
Keywords: X chromosome inactivation; X;autosome translocation; female Hunter syndrome; iduronate 2-sulfatase; mucopolysaccharidosis type II; skewed.
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