Aim: Adjuvanted influenza vaccines can overcome the poor antibody response of conventional non-adjuvanted vaccines in the elderly. We evaluated the immunogenicity, safety and clinical effectiveness of an MF59(®)-adjuvanted trivalent influenza vaccine (aTIV) compared with a non-adjuvanted vaccine (TIV) in subjects ≥65 years old, with or without co-morbidities.
Methods: In 2010-2011, subjects (N=7082) were randomized to receive one dose of aTIV or TIV. Co-primary objectives were to assess lot-to-lot consistency of aTIV, non-inferiority, superiority and immunogenicity 22 days after vaccination. Clinical effectiveness, reactogenicity and serious adverse events were monitored up to Day 366.
Results: The immunological equivalence of three lots of aTIV was demonstrated. aTIV was not only non-inferior to TIV but also elicited significantly higher antibody responses at Day 22 than TIV against all homologous and heterologous strains, even in subjects with co-morbidities. Superiority was not established. Reactogenicity was higher in the aTIV group, but reactions were mild to moderate and transient.
Conclusions: aTIV elicited a significantly higher antibody response than TIV, especially against A/H3N2 strains, although superiority by pre-defined criteria was not formally met. The study demonstrates potential immunological benefits of MF59-adjuvanted influenza vaccines for the elderly. This trial was registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT01162122).
Keywords: Adjuvant; Elderly; Influenza vaccine; MF59; Non-inferiority; Superiority.
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