Mistaken identity: clarification of Rubus coreanus Miquel (Bokbunja)

Molecules. 2014 Jul 18;19(7):10524-33. doi: 10.3390/molecules190710524.


In the U.S., there has been a recent surge in Korean black raspberry products available and in the number of reports about this species appearing in the scientific literature. Despite this, the majority of products sold and the work carried out has been on Rubus occidentalis L., not R. coreanus Miquel. The importance of accurate recognition of all starting material is multiplied for research downstream, including genetics/genomics, plant breeding, phenolic identification, food processing improvements and pharmacokinetic investigations. An overview of distinguishing characteristics separating R. coreanus from R. occidentalis will be presented. Research conducted on correctly identified fruit will also be summarized to aid future studies that might showcase the unique qualities that bokbunja can offer.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Food Analysis*
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Phenols / analysis*
  • Rubus / chemistry*
  • Rubus / classification*


  • Phenols