Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2014 Nov;96(5):549-58.
doi: 10.1038/clpt.2014.155. Epub 2014 Jul 23.

Differentiating Drug-Induced Multichannel Block on the Electrocardiogram: Randomized Study of Dofetilide, Quinidine, Ranolazine, and Verapamil

Affiliations
Randomized Controlled Trial

Differentiating Drug-Induced Multichannel Block on the Electrocardiogram: Randomized Study of Dofetilide, Quinidine, Ranolazine, and Verapamil

L Johannesen et al. Clin Pharmacol Ther. .

Abstract

Block of the hERG potassium channel and prolongation of the QT interval are predictors of drug-induced torsade de pointes. However, drugs that block the hERG potassium channel may also block other channels that mitigate torsade risk. We hypothesized that the electrocardiogram can differentiate the effects of multichannel drug block by separate analysis of early repolarization (global J-Tpeak) and late repolarization (global Tpeak-Tend). In this prospective randomized controlled clinical trial, 22 subjects received a pure hERG potassium channel blocker (dofetilide) and three drugs that block hERG and either calcium or late sodium currents (quinidine, ranolazine, and verapamil). The results show that hERG potassium channel block equally prolongs early and late repolarization, whereas additional inward current block (calcium or late sodium) preferentially shortens early repolarization. Characterization of multichannel drug effects on human cardiac repolarization is possible and may improve the utility of the electrocardiogram in the assessment of drug-related cardiac electrophysiology.

Comment in

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 55 articles

See all "Cited by" articles

Publication types

MeSH terms

LinkOut - more resources

Feedback