Plantar fasciitis: what is the diagnosis and treatment?

Orthop Nurs. 2014 Jul-Aug;33(4):198-204: quiz 205-6. doi: 10.1097/NOR.0000000000000063.


Foot pain, specifically plantar heel pain, is a common complaint among patients in a podiatric or orthopaedic office setting but may be seen in primary care offices, urgent care centers, or emergency departments as well. There are numerous causes for heel pain, but plantar fasciitis is the most frequent cause. The diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is generally made clinically, but there are many diagnostic modalities that may be used to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment of plantar fasciitis ranges from conservative measures to surgical interventions, but most cases of plantar fasciitis can be managed conservatively. There is no definitive treatment proven to be the best option for plantar fasciitis. Treatment is patient dependent and commonly requires a combination of different modalities to successfully alleviate the symptoms. In this article, plantar fasciitis from defining the disorder, diagnosis, and treatment are discussed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Fasciitis, Plantar / diagnosis*
  • Fasciitis, Plantar / diagnostic imaging
  • Fasciitis, Plantar / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Ultrasonography