Residential hospice environments: evidence-based architectural and landscape design considerations

J Palliat Care. Summer 2014;30(2):69-82.


The residential hospice care movement is increasingly accepted and supported globally, and yet, unfortunately, the amount of literature on best practices in the planning and design of residential hospice facilities and adjacent outdoor spaces remains relatively small. This paper reports on a compendium of architectural and landscape design considerations that reflect the fundamental dimensions of the residential hospice experience: site and context, arrival spaces, communal and private spaces of the residential milieu, transitional spaces, and nature connectivity. Additionally, key staffing and administrative ramifications of this built-environment compendium are addressed, as are prognostications and challenges for the future.

MeSH terms

  • Architecture*
  • Evidence-Based Practice / methods
  • Health Facility Environment / standards*
  • Hospices / standards*
  • Hospital Design and Construction / standards*
  • Humans
  • Maintenance and Engineering, Hospital / standards*
  • Patient-Centered Care / standards*
  • Residential Facilities / standards*