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Review
. 2014 Jul 25;345(6195):406-12.
doi: 10.1126/science.1251818.

Reversing Defaunation: Restoring Species in a Changing World

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Review

Reversing Defaunation: Restoring Species in a Changing World

Philip J Seddon et al. Science. .

Abstract

The rate of biodiversity loss is not slowing despite global commitments, and the depletion of animal species can reduce the stability of ecological communities. Despite this continued loss, some substantial progress in reversing defaunation is being achieved through the intentional movement of animals to restore populations. We review the full spectrum of conservation translocations, from reinforcement and reintroduction to controversial conservation introductions that seek to restore populations outside their indigenous range or to introduce ecological replacements for extinct forms. We place the popular, but misunderstood, concept of rewilding within this framework and consider the future role of new technical developments such as de-extinction.

Comment in

  • Fauna in decline: first do no harm.
    Ricciardi A, Simberloff D. Ricciardi A, et al. Science. 2014 Aug 22;345(6199):884. doi: 10.1126/science.345.6199.884-b. Science. 2014. PMID: 25146277 No abstract available.
  • Fauna in decline: the community way.
    Boyer S. Boyer S. Science. 2014 Nov 14;346(6211):821. doi: 10.1126/science.346.6211.821-a. Epub 2014 Nov 13. Science. 2014. PMID: 25395529 No abstract available.
  • Fauna in decline: protect forests now.
    Wells JV. Wells JV. Science. 2014 Nov 14;346(6211):821. doi: 10.1126/science.346.6211.821-b. Epub 2014 Nov 13. Science. 2014. PMID: 25395530 No abstract available.

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