Geographic distribution of MERS coronavirus among dromedary camels, Africa

Emerg Infect Dis. 2014 Aug;20(8):1370-4. doi: 10.3201/eid2008.140590.


We found serologic evidence for the circulation of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus among dromedary camels in Nigeria, Tunisia, and Ethiopia. Circulation of the virus among dromedaries across broad areas of Africa may indicate that this disease is currently underdiagnosed in humans outside the Arabian Peninsula.

Keywords: Africa; Arabian Peninsula; Coronaviridae; MERS; Middle East respiratory syndrome; beta-coronavirus; camels; coronavirus infections; disease reservoirs; pneumonia; viruses; zoonoses.

MeSH terms

  • Africa / epidemiology
  • Animal Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Animal Diseases / virology
  • Animals
  • Camelus / virology*
  • Coronavirus Infections / veterinary*
  • Geography, Medical
  • Humans
  • Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus / classification*
  • Serotyping