Effects of the axis of rotation and primordially solicited limb of high level athletes in a mental rotation task

Hum Mov Sci. 2014 Oct:37:58-68. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2014.06.002. Epub 2014 Jul 26.


A recent set of studies has investigated the selective effects of particular physical activities that require full-body rotations, such as gymnastics and wrestling (Moreau, Clerc, Mansy-Dannay, & Guerrien, 2012; Steggemann, Engbert, & Weigelt, 2011), and demonstrated that practicing these activities imparts a clear advantage in in-plane body rotation performance. Other athletes, such as handball and soccer players, whose activities do require body rotations may have more experience with in-depth rotations. The present study examined the effect of two components that are differently solicited in sport practices on the mental rotation ability: the rotation axis (in-plane, in-depth) and the predominantly used limb (arms, legs). Handball players, soccer players, and gymnasts were asked to rotate handball and soccer strike images mentally, which were presented in different in-plane and in-depth orientations. The results revealed that handball and soccer players performed the in-depth rotations faster than in-plane rotations; however, the two rotation axes did not differ in gymnasts. In addition, soccer players performed the mental rotations of handball strike images slower. Our findings suggest that the development of mental rotation tasks that involve the major components of a physical activity allows and is necessary for specifying the links between this activity and the mental rotation performance.

Keywords: 2906; Embodiment; Limb; Mental body rotation; Physical activity; Rotation axis.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Arm / physiology
  • Athletes*
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Form Perception / physiology*
  • Gymnastics
  • Humans
  • Leg / physiology
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
  • Photic Stimulation
  • Psychomotor Performance / physiology*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Rotation*
  • Soccer
  • Sports
  • Young Adult