Rev-erbα is a nuclear receptor that links circadian rhythms to transcriptional control of metabolic pathways. Rev-erbα is a potent transcriptional repressor and plays an important role in the core mammalian molecular clock while also serving as a key regulator of clock output in metabolic tissues including liver and brown adipose tissue (BAT). Recent findings have shed new light on the role of Rev-erbα and its paralog Rev-erbβ in rhythm generation, as well as additional regulatory roles for Rev-erbα in other tissues that contribute to energy expenditure, inflammation, and behavior. This review highlights physiological functions of Rev-erbα and β in multiple tissues and discusses the therapeutic potential and challenges of targeting these pathways in human disease.
Keywords: Rev-erbα; circadian rhythm; metabolism; nuclear receptor; transcriptional regulation.
Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.