Factor VIII structure and function

Blood Rev. 1989 Sep;3(3):180-91. doi: 10.1016/0268-960x(89)90015-5.


The relatively recent ability to obtain highly purified factor VIII (FVIII) preparations from plasma products, the cloning of the FVIII gene, and the expression of recombinant FVIII have provided the basis for significant advancements in the understanding of the structure-function relationships of FVIII. Evaluation of the molecular structure of FVIII has revealed the presence of domains of significant internal amino acid sequence homology as well as homology with similar structural domains of factor V. Specific proteolytic cleavage sites have been identified in the molecule and the use of site directed mutagenesis has identified those proteolytic cleavage sites required for the activation of FVIII. Deletion and substitution variants of FVIII as well as the precise epitope mapping of FVIII antibodies which inhibit the procoagulant function of the protein or its binding to von Willebrand factor have provided insight into the identification of regions of FVIII which are required for normal function.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Factor VIII* / physiology
  • Factor VIII* / ultrastructure
  • Humans
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • von Willebrand Factor / physiology


  • von Willebrand Factor
  • Factor VIII