Aim: We investigated the clinicopathological features in patients with recurrent RCC within 5 years or more than 5 years after nephrectomy and determined predictors of survival and response treatment after recurrence.
Materials and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 144 patients with disease recurrence; 73 had recurrence more than 5 years after radical nephrectomy. We compared clinicopathological characteristics in patients with disease recurrence before vs. after 5 years. In addition, we investigated predictors of survival and response to treatment after recurrence.
Results: Seventy-one patients (49%) were diagnosed with recurrence within 5 years after radical nephrectomy (early recurrence) and 73 patients (51%) were diagnosed with recurrence more than 5 years after radical nephrectomy (late recurrence). Fuhrman grade, tumor necrosis and lymphovascular invasion were statistically significantly different between the two groups (p<0.001, p=0.013, p=0.026, respectively). The late recurrence patients were significantly associated with the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) favorable risk group compared to patients with early recurrence (p=0.001). From the time of disease recurrence, median Overall Survival (OS) was 36.0 (95% Confidence Interval (CI) 30.7-41.2) months in the late recurrence group, and 19 (95% CI 15.4-22.5) months in the early recurrence group (p=0.01). The median Progression Free Survival (PFS) was 6 (95% CI 3.87-8.12) months in the early recurrence group, and 18 (95% CI 15.4-20.5) months for the late recurrence group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Early recurrence was significantly associated with Fuhrman grade 3-4, tumor necrosis, lymphovascular invasion, MSKCC poor-risk group compared to patients with late recurrence. The study also demonstrated a potential prognostic value of late recurrence in terms of PFS and OS.
Keywords: Predictive and prognostic factors; late recurrence; renal cell carcinoma.
Copyright© 2014 International Institute of Anticancer Research (Dr. John G. Delinassios), All rights reserved.