Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
, 9 (7), e102145
eCollection

Associations Between Cyberbullying and School Bullying Victimization and Suicidal Ideation, Plans and Attempts Among Canadian Schoolchildren

Affiliations

Associations Between Cyberbullying and School Bullying Victimization and Suicidal Ideation, Plans and Attempts Among Canadian Schoolchildren

Hugues Sampasa-Kanyinga et al. PLoS One.

Abstract

Purpose: The negative effects of peer aggression on mental health are key issues for public health. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization with suicidal ideation, plans and attempts among middle and high school students, and to test whether these relationships were mediated by reports of depression.

Methods: Data for this study are from the 2011 Eastern Ontario Youth Risk Behaviour Survey, which is a cross-sectional regional school-based survey that was conducted among students in selected Grade 7 to 12 classes (1658 girls, 1341 boys; mean ± SD age: 14.3 ± 1.8 years).

Results: Victims of cyberbullying and school bullying incurred a significantly higher risk of suicidal ideation (cyberbullying: crude odds ratio, 95% confidence interval = 3.31, 2.16-5.07; school bullying: 3.48, 2.48-4.89), plans (cyberbullying: 2.79, 1.63-4.77; school bullying: 2.76, 2.20-3.45) and attempts (cyberbullying: 1.73, 1.26-2.38; school bullying: 1.64, 1.18-2.27) compared to those who had not encountered such threats. Results were similar when adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, substance use, and sedentary activities. Mediation analyses indicated that depression fully mediated the relationship between cyberbullying victimization and each of the outcomes of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. Depression also fully mediated the relationship between school bullying victimization and suicide attempts, but partially mediated the relationship between school bullying victimization and both suicidal ideation and plans.

Conclusion: These findings support an association between both cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and risk of suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. The mediating role of depression on these links justifies the need for addressing depression among victims of both forms of bullying to prevent the risk of subsequent suicidal behaviours.

Conflict of interest statement

Competing Interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1. Mediational model for study of the relationship between cyberbullying and school bullying victimization and suicidal ideation, plans and attempts.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 15 PubMed Central articles

See all "Cited by" articles

References

    1. Canadian Mental Health Association (ND) Youth and Suicide. Available: http://www.cmha.ca/mental_health/youth-and-suicide/#.Ux55fc6hZ16 Accessed 21 February 2014.
    1. Eastern Ontario Health Unit (2009) The Eastern Ontario Injury Report Available: http://www.eohu.ca/_files/reports/report60.pdf Accessed 24 February 2014.
    1. Olweus D (1993) Bullying at school what we know and what we can do. Blackwell; Cambridge, MA.
    1. Schneider SK, O'Donnell L, Stueve A, Coulter RW (2012) Cyberbullying, school bullying, and psychological distress: a regional census of high school students. Am J Public Health 102: 171–177. - PMC - PubMed
    1. Perren S, Dooley J, Shaw T, Cross D (2010) Bullying in school and cyberspace: Associations with depressive symptoms in Swiss and Australian adolescents. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 4: 28. - PMC - PubMed

Grant support

The authors have no support or funding to report.
Feedback