Background: Pregabalin (Lyrica(®)) is approved as an immediate-release (IR) formulation for administration twice (BID) or three times (TID) a day depending on indication. Once daily (QD) dosing may be appropriate for ease of clinical use and patient convenience.
Objectives: The objectives of this analysis were: (1) to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of pregabalin controlled-release (CR) administered with food relative to the pregabalin IR formulation administered fasted; (2) to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of a two-tablet dose of pregabalin CR compared with the equivalent one-tablet dose of pregabalin CR; and (3) to determine the safety and tolerability of multiple-dose administration of pregabalin CR and IR.
Methods: The pharmacokinetic properties of pregabalin CR were determined in four phase I, open-label, multiple-dose crossover studies (18-24 participants/study). Pregabalin CR (82.5, 165, 330 or 660 mg/day) administered QD was compared with pregabalin IR (75, 150, 300 or 600 mg/day, respectively) administered either BID or TID. Blood samples were collected up to 24 h post-dose. Pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated from plasma concentration-time data using standard noncompartmental methods. Adverse events were monitored throughout all studies.
Results: Eight-four healthy participants (19-55 years of age) received pregabalin. For all pregabalin CR doses, total exposure was equivalent to the corresponding pregabalin IR dose. Relative bioavailability of pregabalin CR was 93-97 % of pregabalin IR, and bioequivalence criteria with respect to the 24-h steady-state exposure (area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 to 24 h [AUC24]) were met. Administration of a two-tablet dose of pregabalin CR was bioequivalent to one-tablet pregabalin CR. The relative bioavailability of two-tablet pregabalin CR was 97-102 % of one-tablet pregabalin CR, and bioequivalence criteria with respect to AUC24 and peak plasma concentrations were met. Pregabalin CR pharmacokinetic parameters were dose proportional following administration of 82.5-660 mg/day pregabalin CR. Pregabalin was well tolerated across studies, with no serious or severe adverse events.
Conclusion: Total daily exposure with multiple-dose pregabalin CR is equivalent to the corresponding pregabalin IR dose.