Transfemoral Aortic Valve Implantation of Edwards SAPIEN XT Without Predilatation Is Feasible

Clin Cardiol. 2014 Nov;37(11):667-71. doi: 10.1002/clc.22318. Epub 2014 Jul 31.

Abstract

Background: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) without predilatation has fewer procedural steps and thereby potentially fewer complications. This has been demonstrated for the antegrade transapical access; however, whether TAVI can be safely performed without predilatation using the retrograde transfemoral route is unknown.

Hypothesis: We postulated that TAVI is feasible with a balloon-expandable device without predilatation using the retrograde transfemoral route.

Methods: Twenty-six consecutive patients with stenosis of the native aortic valve (AV) undergoing transfemoral TAVI with the Edwards SAPIEN XT prosthesis without predilatation were enrolled in this retrospective study and compared with 30 patients treated previously with predilatation.

Results: The procedure was successfully performed in all 26 patients, irrespective of the AV area and the extent of AV calcification. At baseline mean AV area, mean AV gradient, and median left ventricular ejection fraction were 0.7 ± 0.2 cm(2) , 36.0 ± 17.3 mm Hg, and 55.0% (interquartile range [IQR], 35.0-60.0], respectively; prior to discharge these values were 1.7 ± 0.3 (P < 0.001), 9.8 ± 6.1 mm Hg (P < 0.001), and 57.5% (IQR, 38.7-60.0) (P = not significant). Postdilatation was required in 3 patients due to aortic regurgitation > 2°; this was reduced by the procedure to < 2° in all cases. Radiation dose and amount of contrast dye were significantly reduced in comparison with the predilatation group. No periprocedural neurological adverse events occurred. Mortality at 30 days was 0%.

Conclusions: TAVI without predilatation using the transfemoral Edwards SAPIEN XT valve is feasible and safe. Larger studies are required to further evaluate this approach.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aortic Valve / surgery*
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery*
  • Balloon Valvuloplasty*
  • Contrast Media / administration & dosage
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Feasibility Studies
  • Female
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / methods*
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Retrospective Studies

Substances

  • Contrast Media