Effect of Cardiac Arrhythmia Simulation on Nursing Students' Knowledge Acquisition and Retention

West J Nurs Res. 2015 Sep;37(9):1160-74. doi: 10.1177/0193945914545134. Epub 2014 Jul 30.

Abstract

The realistic and practical environment that simulation provides is an extremely useful part of the teaching process. Simulation is widely used in health and nursing education today. This study aims to evaluate the effect of simulation-based teaching on the acquisition and retention of arrhythmia-related knowledge among nursing students. A randomized controlled design involving a pretest-posttest was used. Nursing students were allocated randomly either to the experimental group (n = 47), who attended simulation scenarios on cardiac arrhythmia, or to the control group (n = 44) who received a traditional lecture on the same topic. A paired t test showed that the mean knowledge score at the posttest was significantly higher than at the pretest for both groups. However, participants in the experimental group demonstrated significantly increased knowledge of cardiac arrhythmia in the first and the second posttest compared with those in the control group. Thus, simulation is superior and significantly improves students' arrhythmia knowledge.

Keywords: Jordan; arrhythmia; nursing students; simulation; teaching.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Arrhythmias, Cardiac / nursing*
  • Humans
  • Knowledge
  • Students, Nursing*