Selective Inhibition of Bacterial Topoisomerase I by alkynyl-bisbenzimidazoles

Medchemcomm. 2014 Jun 1;5(6):816-825. doi: 10.1039/C4MD00140K.


Hoechst dyes are well known DNA binders that non-selectively inhibit the function of mammalian topoisomerase I and II. Herein, we show that Hoechst 33258 based bisbenzimidazoles (DPA 151-154), containing a terminal alkyne, are effective and selective inhibitors of E. coli. topoisomerase I. These bisbenzimidazoles displayed topoisomerase I inhibition much better than Hoechst 33342 or Hoechst 33258 with IC50 values in the range of 2.47-6.63 μM. Bisbenzimidazoles DPA 151-154 also display selective inhibition of E. coli. topoisomerase I over DNA gyrase and Human topoisomerases I and II, and effectively inhibit bacterial growth.