Physical and psychiatric recovery from burns

Surg Clin North Am. 2014 Aug;94(4):863-78. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2014.05.007.

Abstract

Burn injuries pose complex biopsychosocial challenges to recovery and improved comprehensive care. The physical and emotional sequelae of burns differ, depending on burn severity, individual resilience, and stage of development when they occur. Most burn survivors are resilient and recover, whereas some are more vulnerable and have complicated outcomes. Physical rehabilitation is affected by orthopedic, neurologic, and metabolic complications and disabilities. Psychiatric recovery is affected by pain, mental disorders, substance abuse, and burn stigmatization. Individual resilience, social supports, and educational or occupational achievements affect outcomes.

Keywords: Body image; Burn reconstruction; Depression; Hypertrophic scar; Posttraumatic stress disorder; Recovery; Rehabilitation; Resilience.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amputation / psychology
  • Amputation / rehabilitation
  • Body Image
  • Body Temperature Regulation / physiology
  • Burns / psychology
  • Burns / rehabilitation*
  • Cicatrix, Hypertrophic / psychology
  • Cicatrix, Hypertrophic / rehabilitation
  • Cognition Disorders / therapy
  • Exercise Therapy
  • Humans
  • Metabolic Diseases / therapy
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases / prevention & control
  • Nervous System Diseases / prevention & control
  • Pain / prevention & control
  • Pigmentation Disorders / prevention & control
  • Pruritus / prevention & control
  • Sunscreening Agents / therapeutic use
  • Terminal Care / ethics

Substances

  • Sunscreening Agents