Pre-operative function, motivation and duration of symptoms predict sporting participation after total hip replacement

Bone Joint J. 2014 Aug;96-B(8):1041-6. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.96B8.32813.


There is little in the literature on the level of participation in sports which patients undertake after total hip replacement (THR). Our aims in this study were to determine first, the level of sporting activity, second, the predictive factors for returning to sporting activity, and third, the correlation between participation in sports and satisfaction after THR. We retrospectively identified 815 patients who had undergone THR between 1995 and 2005. All were asked to complete a self-administered questionnaire regarding their sporting activity. A total of 571 patients (71%) met the inclusion criteria and completed the evaluation. At a mean follow-up of 9.8 years (sd 2.9), 366 patients (64%) returned to sporting activity as defined by a University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score of > 5. The main reasons that patients had for refraining from sports were fear of dislocation (65; 31.6%), avoiding wear (52; 25.4%), and the recommendation of the surgeon (34; 16.6%). There was a significant relationship between higher post-operative participation in sport in those patients with a higher pre-operative Harris hip score (HHS) (p = 0.0074), motivation to participate in sporting activities (p = 0.00022) and a shorter duration of symptoms (p = 0.0034). Finally, there was a correlation between age (p = 0.00013), UCLA score (p = 0.012) and pre-operative HHS (p = 0.00091) and satisfaction. In conclusion, we found that most patients participate in sporting activity after THR, regardless of the advice of their surgeon, and that there is a correlation between the level of participation and pre-operative function, motivation, duration of symptoms and post-operative satisfaction.

Keywords: Expectation; Recommendation; Return to sport; THR.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / psychology*
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip / rehabilitation
  • Female
  • Femur Head Necrosis / psychology
  • Femur Head Necrosis / surgery
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / psychology
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital / surgery
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motivation / physiology*
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / psychology
  • Osteoarthritis, Hip / surgery
  • Preoperative Period
  • Recovery of Function / physiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Sports / psychology*
  • Sports / statistics & numerical data
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult