Mechanisms controlling mast cell and basophil lineage decisions

Curr Allergy Asthma Rep. 2014 Sep;14(9):457. doi: 10.1007/s11882-014-0457-1.

Abstract

Basophils and mast cells have long been known to play critical roles in allergic disease and host defense against parasitic infections. Recent recognition of these effector cells in immune regulations, host defense against bacteria and virus, and autoimmune diseases entices increased interest in studying these cells. However, origin and molecular regulation of basophil and mast cell differentiation remain incompletely understood. In this review, we focus on recent advances of the understanding the origin and molecular regulation of mouse basophil and mast cell development. We also summarize progress in the understanding of the origin and molecular regulation of human basophil and mast cell development. A more complete understanding of molecular regulation of basophils and mast cells will lead to the development of interventions that are more effective in achieving long-term success.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Basophils / physiology*
  • Cell Differentiation*
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Helminthiasis / immunology
  • Humans
  • Mast Cells / physiology*
  • Mice
  • Stem Cells / physiology
  • Transcription, Genetic