Background: Cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) are gaining acceptance as treatment for selected patients with colorectal cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis (CRCPC). Tremendous variations exist in the HIPEC delivery.
Methods: The American Society of Peritoneal Surface Malignancies (ASPSM) examined the overall survival in patients with CRCPC who underwent a complete cytoreduction and HIPEC with Oxaliplatin vs. Mitomycin C (MMC), stratifying them by the Peritoneal Surface Disease Severity Score (PSDSS).
Results: Median overall survival (OS) of 539 patients with complete cytoreduction was 32.6 months, 32.7 months for the MMC group and 31.4 months for the Oxaliplatin group (P = 0.925). However, when stratified by PSDSS, median OS rates in PSDSS I/II patients were 54.3 months in those receiving MMC vs. 28.2 months in those receiving oxaliplatin (P = 0.012), whereas in PSDSS III/IV patients, median OS rates were 19.4 months in those receiving MMC vs. 30.4 months in those receiving Oxaliplatin (P = 0.427).
Conclusion: These data suggest that MMC might be a better agent for HIPEC delivery than Oxaliplatin in patients with CRCPC, favorable histologies and low burden of disease (PSDSS I/II) undergoing complete cytoreduction. Prospective studies are warranted, which stratify patients by their PSDSS and randomize them to HIPEC with MMC vs. Oxaliplatin.
Keywords: colorectal cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis; cytoreductive surgery; hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC).
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.