Influence of pregnancy stage and fetus position on the whole-body and local exposure of the fetus to RF-EMF

Phys Med Biol. 2014 Sep 7;59(17):4913-26. doi: 10.1088/0031-9155/59/17/4913. Epub 2014 Aug 7.


This paper analyzes the influence of pregnancy stage and fetus position on the whole-body and brain exposure of the fetus to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields. Our analysis is performed using semi-homogeneous pregnant woman models between 8 and 32 weeks of amenorrhea. By analyzing the influence of the pregnancy stage on the environmental whole-body and local exposure of a fetus in vertical position, head down or head up, in the 2100 MHz frequency band, we concluded that both whole-body and average brain exposures of the fetus decrease during the first pregnancy trimester, while they advance during the pregnancy due to the rapid weight gain of the fetus in these first stages. From the beginning of the second trimester, the whole-body and the average brain exposures are quite stable because the weight gains are quasi proportional to the absorbed power increases. The behavior of the fetus whole-body and local exposures during pregnancy for a fetus in the vertical position with the head up were found to be of a similar level, when compared to the position with the head down they were slightly higher, especially in the brain.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Brain / radiation effects
  • Electromagnetic Fields*
  • Female
  • Fetus / radiation effects*
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Pregnancy
  • Radio Waves*