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Randomized Controlled Trial
. 2014 Dec;20(12):1258-64.
doi: 10.4158/EP13518.OR.

The Vitamin D Dose Response in Obesity

Randomized Controlled Trial

The Vitamin D Dose Response in Obesity

Ruban Dhaliwal et al. Endocr Pract. .


Objective: The prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy is high in obese individuals. Determining the response of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) to vitamin D3 supplementation in obese and nonobese individuals may lead to concurrent recommendations for optimal vitamin D intake in these populations. The objective of this study was to determine the dose response of vitamin D3 in subjects with a body mass index ≥35 kg/m2.

Methods: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. This study is an extension of our previous study of vitamin D dosing in healthy adults. After an assessment of baseline 25(OH)D levels, participants were randomized to a vitamin D supplementation arm (100 μg daily if baseline 25[OH]D was <50 nmol/L, or 50 μg daily if baseline 25[OH]D was ≥50 nmol/L) or placebo arm. Subjects with baseline 25(OH)D level ≥80 nmol/L were excluded from the study. Two months following randomization, a repeat 25(OH)D measurement was done.

Results: Final analysis included 25 subjects (14 placebo, 11 active). At 2 months, serum 25(OH)D concentration increased to a mean of 75 nmol/L in the active group. Mean slope (i.e., vitamin D3 response), defined as 25(OH) D change/baseline dose, was 0.398 nmol/L/μg/day.

Conclusion: The dose response of vitamin D3 (slope) in obese subjects was significantly lower (P<.03) at 0.398 nmol/L/μg/day compared to the slope in the previous study of healthy subjects (0.66 nmol/L/μg/day). These results suggest that obese individuals may require 40% higher vitamin D intake than nonobese individuals to attain the same serum 25(OH)D concentration.

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