Petechiae and purpura: the ominous and the not-so-obvious?

Pediatr Ann. 2014 Aug;43(8):297-303. doi: 10.3928/00904481-20140723-03.

Abstract

Petechiae and purpura are among the most alarming findings a pediatrician will commonly observe in the office. Severity of illness can range from a temper tantrum, to common viral infections, to the most deadly infections and diseases. To avoid many of the pitfalls in diagnosis, practitioners will need to be thorough in history taking, assessing fever and immunization status, and physical examination. In addition, a few simple laboratory tests will usually be needed and possibly a manual differential.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bacteremia / diagnosis*
  • Bacteremia / microbiology*
  • Brown Recluse Spider
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Female
  • Fever / etiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Medical History Taking
  • Meningococcal Infections / complications
  • Meningococcal Infections / diagnosis*
  • Pharyngitis / complications
  • Pharyngitis / diagnosis*
  • Pharyngitis / microbiology
  • Physical Examination
  • Purpura / etiology*
  • Purpura / microbiology
  • Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch / complications
  • Purpura, Schoenlein-Henoch / diagnosis*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Spider Bites / complications
  • Streptococcal Infections / complications
  • Streptococcal Infections / diagnosis*
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / isolation & purification